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  Kyrgyzstan » Kyrgyzstan » Culture
 
 


Culture

Self – sounding instruments

As known, self-sounding instruments (idiophones) are the instruments in which the source of oscillation is the body or its part, but not strings, membrane or air pressure. To such instruments in Kyrgyz musical culture concern so called lip (mouth) komuz of several kinds, tambourines, bells and the other instruments making cracking sounds. In this group…


Yurta

Yurta is a small dwelling, decorated with hand-made felt carpets and strips. Having its routes at ancient Turkic tribes yurta took all the best from many centuries’ experience of people. Kyrgyz tribes, occupied with nomadic cattle-breeding in mountains, worked out the best type of transportable dwelling that is easily disjointed, moved on pack animals and again…


Kyrgyz carpets

Kyrgyz carpets – "kiyiz" and "shyrdak" are made of warm felt and are always rich decorated with ornament. Shyrdak is made with help of mosaic technique of application, based on closing of felt blanks with multicolored threads. Ala-kiyiz is made by ramming, rolling the different-colored fur into the friable felt basis. In first case –…


Carpets and felt articles

Felt articles are the most popular and widely spread in Kyrgyzstan. Felt or Kiyiz in Kyrgyz, is a natural and fine material, which manufacturing is very laborious process. Felt produces from sheared in autumn cheep wool, but the process of manufacture requires warm and sunny weather. Sheared wool is then being washed and cleaned. Then…


Pileless weaving

Textile giants of present days almost solved the fate of homespun manufacture and fate of Kyrgyz loom – ormok – ancient, made of wood and which at least can be found only in the history museums. There are a few of them in the museum, but it is also can be found in work. On…


Kurak

Patch works are widely spread in Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz kurak is highly developed applied art which reflects nomadic style of life. For patch works use various materials, it could be cotton, velvet or leather. There are also various styles of Kurak, which represent skills of masters, traditions of different regions of Kyrgyzstan, and complexity of composition…


Reed screens

The Kyrgyz braided the reed screens mainly from Cheegrass (reed) or chiy in Kyrgyz. It grows in abundance on the foothills of Kyrgyz mountains and sometimes even around the yurts – Kyrgyz dwellings, in the dust of nomadic paths and under the horse hoofs, so the Kyrgyz had all opportunities to test its durable and…


Pile weaving

Teasel weaving holds a special place in the rich and diverse heritage of Kyrgyz people. Piled carpets are original, colorful and very popular. Carpets have their own stylistic traits, creating a harmony of patterned motifs of a variety of colors. This type of weaving was predominantly spread through out the southern parts of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz…


Embroidery (tush kiyiz)

Embroidery has always been a female craft. Many embroidered items were intended for practical use a well as for decoration of the yurt. Along with colorful fabrics, mats and felts, embroidered items made a cozy ensemble decorating a man’s shelter. Many household articles were decorated with embroidery, including various sacks and bags used in everyday…


Jewelry

Metals artwork is one of the most ancient genres of Kyrgyz arts. In ancient times the kumush usta – which is Kyrgyz for silversmith was highly respected in the Kyrgyz society. Kumush usta was treated as a special person, a skilled creator of wonderful jewelry, and someone with the mysterious power over fire and iron….


 
 
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