In general, Kyrgyz folk instrumental music, as well as vocal one, is divided into two brunches. The first is the folk music itself, or so called mass instrumental folklore. The second brunch is the professional instrumental music of oral tradition. This dividing is conditional, but has a real foundation, as in Kyrgyz instrumental music along with mass folklore creative works, which decorate everyday life, there are a lot of highly artistic classical examples, created by outstanding professionals as concert genres.
Performing arsenal of Kyrgyz people can be divided into instruments that have an artistic function, applied and ritual purposes that combine both of functions. At the same time the borders between groups are very conventional. Already in ancient time some wind and percussion instruments have enlarge their functions from signal to artistic. Nowadays the instruments of applied and ritual type either vanished along with previous mode of life, or used in concert practice, for example, bell – "konguro" or ceremonial "musical staff"-"asa-musa". Childish "musical toys" (chopo cho’or) became solo and ensemble instruments.
All Kyrgyz musical instruments are classified into four main groups:
1. Stringed instruments – the source of sound is the tense string.
2. Wind instruments – the source of the sound is the column of air in the instrument.
3. Percussive instruments – the source of the sound is the tensed membrane.
4. Self – sounding instruments – the source of the sound is the instrument body.
Traditional stringed instruments of Kyrgyz people are Komuz and Kyl-Ky’yak. The difference between them is in the way of deriving the sound. Komuz is the pinch instrument, while Kyl-Ky’yak is…Read more »
Being the most ancient instruments, it has played an applied importance. Firstly it carried signal functions (calling up the people for some public actions or cattle moving to the pastures)…Read more »
Kyrgyz folk percussive instruments create not numerous group. There are only three membranephones: Dobulbash (in the north of Kyrgyzstan – Dobulbas), Do’ol and Karsyldak. This instruments are carriers of rhythm,…Read more »