Pileless weaving

Textile giants of present days almost solved the fate of homespun manufacture and fate of Kyrgyz loom – ormok – ancient, made of wood and which at least can be found only in the history museums. There are a few of them in the museum, but it is also can be found in work. On that loom the Kyrgyz masters make Terme – the Kyrgyz fabric. As the yarn for its basis is made of spun threads dyed in red and blue colors, while shoot is more thin and monochromatic, so it become very durable with relief texture, with deep, dotty interosculation of colors of background and pattern.

Making Bo’o – the long patterned stripes, use the same techniques and loom- ormok. Bo’o can be from 10 to 50 sm., wide. Each stripe is surrounded by a border while the centre is filled with single continuous pattern or rhythmically iterative composition of motifs.

Each Bo’o carries its own purposes: Tizgich – the narrowest, holds cupola poles – uuk forming the yurt roof. Chalgych – the average stripe draw together latticed frame – kerege. Then come Tu’urduk bo’o and Yzuk bo’o – they hold in position felt coverings. Tegerich and kerege tanu’u stripes play a role of original frieze of the yurt – one of the main housekeeping moments either for the whole construction or in its polychromatic decoration.

Patterned fabric "kadjary" is more popular in south regions of Kyrgyzstan. For the basis of this fabric, thread is made thinner, so the fabric become soft and thin while the pattern is more segmented and elongated.

"Kadjary" can be recognized by repeated alternation of narrow ornamental and smooth stripes, where despite the traditional correlation of pattern and background prevail background.

Patterned fabric was widely used for making weathercocks – Kurdjun, often took a few types of woven stripes. In the south they used "kadjary", in the north "terme".