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  Kyrgyzstan » Kyrgyzstan » Geography
 
 


Geography

Fossil fuels

A wide range of fossil fuels are found in Kyrgyzstan – coal, peat, gas and oil. Coal: It is estimated that there are something like two and a half billion tons of coal reserves in the country – and annual production is about currently about 300,000 tons a year. Despite the large reserves of coal…


Gold

The Kyrgyz for gold is “Altyn”. It is used as a name and KyrgyzAltyn is the main, government run, company working in gold extraction. Evidence of ancient gold mines has been found throughout the country – in Talas, Osh, Chui, Naryn and Issyk Kul. Jewellery dating back to the 1st and 2nd centuries BC has…


Uranium

Uranium is mined in various places but Kyrgyzstan is more important as a center for processing the mineral.  There are plans to increase production, in particular in co-operation with Russia and Kazakhstan – ore from the Chui-Sarisu deposit in Kazakhstan will be shipped to the Kara Balta Mining Complex for processing and then transported to…


Lake Issyk Kul

"Pearl of the Tien Shan" From Bishkek the lake is approached through Boom Gorge, and it is possible to cut into the mountains here to the Chon Kemin valley, birthplace of President Akaev. The lake lies at the bottom of a drainage hollow, or depression and has no outflow. Mountains ring the lake and there…


Lake Son Kul

Son Kul is a mountain lake in the Central Tian Shan range, virtually in the centre of Kyrgyzstan. One translation of the name is “The Last Lake”.  At an altitude of 3016m a.s.l.; 29km long and 18km wide and a maximum depth of 13.2m – it is Kyrgyzstan’s second largest lake.The average temperature is about…


Lake Sary Chelek

Some 500 km from Bishkek and 300 km from Osh is The Sary Chelek biosphere reserve, which lies in the Arkit Gorge, a relatively small mountain hollow in the Chatkal Mountains.  It was founded in 1959 to protect and research the pristine natural landscapes – lowland steppes and ridges with snow-capped peaks; rapid rivers and…


Lake Merzbacher

In the North-Eastern corner of Kyrgyzstan, two ridges of the Tian Shan converge and some peaks rise to over 6000m.  The Enilchek glacier snakes down from the clouds, nestling at the foot of Khan Tengri (“Prince of Spirits” or “Rider of the Sky” – 6995m) on the borders with Kazakhstan in the North and Peak…


 
 
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