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Kyrgyzstan

Fossil fuels

A wide range of fossil fuels are found in Kyrgyzstan – coal, peat, gas and oil. Coal: It is estimated that there are something like two and a half billion tons of coal reserves in the country – and annual production is about currently about 300,000 tons a year. Despite the large reserves of coal…


Jewelry

Metals artwork is one of the most ancient genres of Kyrgyz arts. In ancient times the kumush usta – which is Kyrgyz for silversmith was highly respected in the Kyrgyz society. Kumush usta was treated as a special person, a skilled creator of wonderful jewelry, and someone with the mysterious power over fire and iron….


Leather articles

Since ancient time Kyrgyz people have decorated leather articles. Animal skins were used to make a variety of household articles including leather clothing and footwear, kitchen containers (ko’okor, saba, konochok, konok, chyny kup), horse harnesses, tail-straps, saddle-girths, bridles, and saddle-clothes. All of these items were integral part of the everyday life of a nomad. Special…


Wood carving

Wood carving has existed in Central Asia from since time immemorial. Articles made of wood are widely used by Kyrgyz people in everyday life till present time. There is a stylistic connection between wooden works and other kinds of craftsmanship, particularly with items made of felt and leather. Carved and painted wooden articles, patterned felt…


Carpets and felt articles

Felt articles are the most popular and widely spread in Kyrgyzstan. Felt or Kiyiz in Kyrgyz, is a natural and fine material, which manufacturing is very laborious process. Felt produces from sheared in autumn cheep wool, but the process of manufacture requires warm and sunny weather. Sheared wool is then being washed and cleaned. Then…


Pileless weaving

Textile giants of present days almost solved the fate of homespun manufacture and fate of Kyrgyz loom – ormok – ancient, made of wood and which at least can be found only in the history museums. There are a few of them in the museum, but it is also can be found in work. On…


Kurak

Patch works are widely spread in Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz kurak is highly developed applied art which reflects nomadic style of life. For patch works use various materials, it could be cotton, velvet or leather. There are also various styles of Kurak, which represent skills of masters, traditions of different regions of Kyrgyzstan, and complexity of composition…


Bishkek

Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. It has population of approximately 1,000 000. Originally founded in 1878 as the Russian fortress of Pishpek, between 1926 and 1991 it was known as Frunze, after the Bolshevik military leader Mikhail Frunze. The name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make…


Reed screens

The Kyrgyz braided the reed screens mainly from Cheegrass (reed) or chiy in Kyrgyz. It grows in abundance on the foothills of Kyrgyz mountains and sometimes even around the yurts – Kyrgyz dwellings, in the dust of nomadic paths and under the horse hoofs, so the Kyrgyz had all opportunities to test its durable and…


Pile weaving

Teasel weaving holds a special place in the rich and diverse heritage of Kyrgyz people. Piled carpets are original, colorful and very popular. Carpets have their own stylistic traits, creating a harmony of patterned motifs of a variety of colors. This type of weaving was predominantly spread through out the southern parts of Kyrgyzstan. Kyrgyz…


 
 
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