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Kyrgyzstan

Cholpon Ata

Once upon a time, a long time – so long ago that the people have forgotten exactly when it was – under a high mountain there was a city. Above the city towered the fortress of powerful khan. The khan was famous for his riches, but more than that – for his cruelty. Each day,…


Kyrgyzstan – Russia

In 1876 Russian troops defeated the Quqon Khanate and occupied northern Kyrgyzstan. Within five years, all Kyrgyzstan had become part of the Russian Empire, and the Kyrgyz slowly began to integrate themselves into the economic and political life of Russia. In the last decades of the nineteenth century, increasing numbers of Russian and Ukrainian settlers…


Family traditions

"TUSHO’O KESU’U" (Cutting the strings of a young baby) Tusho’o kesu’u is a Kyrgyz tradition, which is held when the child is one year old, and he just begins to walk. Wishing the child’s future steps to be better and faster, or just wishing him a bright future, happiness and success in everything his parents…


The Three Orphans

A id and a lamb became orphans. One day they went for a walk and met a calf. He was an orphan, too. The three of them decided never to part. One day, they came across a tiger skin lying in the road. They picked it up and put it on the calf and went…


Kyrgyzstan – The Soviet Union and Recent History

Soviet era Soviet power was initially established in the region in 1919 and the Kara-Kyrgyz Autonomous Oblast was created within the Russian SFSR (the term Kara-Kirghiz was used until the mid-1920s by the Russians to distinguish them from the Kazakhs, who were also referred to as Kirghiz). On December 5, 1936, the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist…


Stringed instruments

Traditional stringed instruments of Kyrgyz people are Komuz and Kyl-Ky’yak. The difference between them is in the way of deriving the sound. Komuz is the pinch instrument, while Kyl-Ky’yak is the bow instrument. Playing Komuz, musician pinch or strike the strings forcing them to vibrate, playing Kyl-Ky-yak, musicians use a bow. Komuz – is most…


The Girl in the Moon

In the west it is commonly said that if you look at the moon you can see the face of the «Man in the Moon». The Kyrgyz know, however, that this is a mistake – it is really the face of the «Girl in the Moon». Once upon a time there was a little orphan girl….


Wind instruments

Being the most ancient instruments, it has played an applied importance. Firstly it carried signal functions (calling up the people for some public actions or cattle moving to the pastures) and after artistic and aesthetic (rest, entertainment) functions. Long time ago the instruments of this group were included in war ensembles for the period of…


Kyrgyz legend about tragic love and Issyk-Kul Lake

Once upon a time, so long ago that people have forgotten when, there was a city by Lake Issyk-Kul. A fortress of a powerful khan dominated the city. The terrible governor learned that one poor nomad had a daughter of incomparable beauty. The khan sent his jigits to bring the girl to him. However, the…


Percussive instruments

Kyrgyz folk percussive instruments create not numerous group. There are only three membranephones: Dobulbash (in the north of Kyrgyzstan – Dobulbas), Do’ol and Karsyldak. This instruments are carriers of rhythm, one of the strongest means of artistic influence on man and animals. In musical practice of 20th century, Kyrgyz percussive instruments were not used, and…


 
 
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